Delivered over six thousand times, Russell Conwell's lecture
Acres of Diamonds reflects the tight connection between religious and material yearnings in American culture. Conwell, a Civil War veteran and lawyer, became a Baptist preacher in the 1870s; he built a struggling Philadelphia congregation into the Philadelphia Temple, which spawned what became Temple University. Firmly rooted in the
gospel of wealth common around the end of the nineteenth century, Conwell's lecture proudly tells listeners that it is their opportunitytheir Christian dutyto become rich. (Note that he also justifies his own salary and success.) The back cover of a 1978 paperback edition proclaims:
This is the beloved, all-time bestseller that has helped more Amerians find more happiness than any other book besides the Bible!
I say that you ought to get rich, and it is your duty to get rich. How many of my pious brethren say to me,
Do you, a Christian minister, spend your time going up and down the country advising young people to get rich, to get money?
Yes, of course I do. They say,
Isn't that awful! Why don't you preach the gospel instead of preaching about man's making money?
Because to make money honestly is to preach the gospel. That is the reason. The men who get rich may be the most honest men you find in the community.
Oh, but says some young man here tonight
I have been told all my life that if a person has money he is very dishonest and dishonorable and mean and contemptible. My friend, that is the reason why you have none, because you have that idea of people. The foundation of your faith is altogether false. Let me say here clearly, and say it briefly, though subject to discussion which I have not time for here, ninety-eight out of one hundred of the rich men of America are honest. That is why they are rich. That is why they are trusted with money. That is why they carry on great enterprises and find plenty of people to work with them. It is because they are honest men.
Says another young man,
I hear sometimes of men that get millions of dollars dishonestly. Yes, of course you do, and so do I. But they are so rare a thing in fact that the newspapers talk about them all the time as a matter of news until you get the idea that all the other rich men got rich dishonestly.
My friend, you take and drive meif you furnish the autoout into the suburbs of Philadelphia, and introduce me to the people who own their homes around this great city, those beautiful homes with gardens and flowers, those magnificent homes so lovely in their art, and I will introduce you to the very best people in character as well as in enterprise in our city, and you know I will. A man is not really a true man until he owns his own home, and they that own their homes are made more honorable and honest and pure and true and economical and careful, by owning the home.
For a man to have money, even in large sums, is not an inconsistent thing. We preach against covetousness, and you know we do, in the pulpit, and oftentimes preach against it so long and use the terms about
filthy lucre so extremely that Christians get the idea that when we stand in the pulpit we believe it is wicked for any man to have moneyuntil the collection basket goes around, and then we almost swear at the people because they don't give more money. Oh, the inconsistency of such doctrines as that.
Money is power, and you ought to be reasonably ambitious to have it! You ought because you can do more good with it than you could without it. Money printed your Bible, money builds your churches, money sends your missionaries, and money pays your preachers, and you would not have many of them, either, if you did not pay them. I am always willing that my church should raise my salary, because the church that pays the largest salary always raises it the easiest. You never knew an exception to it in your life. The man who gets the largest salary can do the most good with the power that is furnished to him. Of course he can if his spirit be right to use it for what it is given to him.
I say, then, you ought to have money. If you can honestly attain unto riches in Philadelphia, it is your Christian and godly duty to do so. It is an awful mistake of these pious people to think you must be awfully poor in order to be pious.
Some men say,
Don't you sympathize with the poor people? Of course I do, or else I would not have been lecturing these years. I won't give in but what I sympathize with the poor, but the number of poor who are to be sympathized with is very small. To sympathize with a man whom God has punished for his sins, thus to help him when God would still continue a just punishment, is to do wrong, no doubt about it, and we do that more than we help those who are deserving. While we should sympathize with God's poorthat is, those who cannot help themselves---let us remember there is not a poor person in the United States who was not made poor by his own shortcomings, or by the shortcomings of someone else. It is all wrong to be poor, anyhow. Let us give in to that argument and pass that to one side.
A gentleman gets back there, and says,
Don't you think there are some things in this world that are better than money? Of course I do, but I am talking about money, now. Of course there are some things higher than money. Oh yes, I know by the grave that has left me standing alone that there are some things in this world that are higher and sweeter and purer than money. Well do, I know there are some things higher and grander than gold. Love is the grandest thing on God's earth, but fortunate the lover who has plenty of money. Money is power, money is force, money will do good as well as harm. In the hands of good men and women it could accomplish, and it has accomplished, good.
I hate to leave that behind me. I heard a man get up in a prayer-meeting in our city and thank the Lord he was
one of God's poor. Well, I wonder what his wife thinks about that? She earns all the money that comes into that house, and he smokes a part of that on the veranda. I don't want to see I any more of the Lord's poor of that kind, I and I don't believe the Lord does. And yet there are some people who think in order to be pious you must be awfully poor and awfully dirty. That does not follow at all. While we sympathize with the poor, let us not teach a doctrine like that.
Russell H. Conwell, Acres of Diamonds (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1960), 20-24.
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